Our retina clinic in Mumbai centre has best retina surgeons & is fully equipped with the newest generation of retina diagnostics such as Non- Mydriatic Fundus camera that captures the image of retina without the help of dilating drops & an OCT (Optical coherence tomography) that provides micron resolution scans of the retina.
Our Retina surgery centre is also equipped with a Vitrectomy system, a BIOM and inverter system. For patients with Diabetic retinopathy, our medical retina clinic is fitted with Green Laser for control and treatment of diabetic retinopathy.
For macular edema, we provide intravitreal injections such as Avastin/ Lucentis/Aflibercept (Eylea). Macular edema is the build-up of fluid in the macula, i.e., the center of the retina. This fluid build-up causes the macula to swell and thicken, which distorts vision.
Diabetes affects blood vessels throughout the body, especially the retina. Due to diabetes, retina starts showing hemorrhages, and this can lead to bleeding inside the eye, which is known as ‘vitreous hemorrhage.’ The new blood vessels formed due to this can increase and reach the front part of the eye and lead to glaucoma or an increase in eye pressure & leads to a decrease in vision.
The treatment for diabetic retinopathy includes Lasers and intravitreal injections which helps in retina treatment. We strongly recommend a strict watch over blood sugar to prevent Diabetic Retinopathy, as it will significantly reduce the long-term risk of vision loss. Treatment usually won't completely cure diabetic retinopathy, nor will it restore normal vision, but it may slow the progression of vision loss. Without treatment, diabetic retinopathy progresses steadily from minimal to severe stages.
This treatment is often recommended for people with macular edema, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and neovascular glaucoma. Laser surgery shrinks abnormal new vessels and reduces macular swelling.
Laser surgery is usually performed in an office setting wherein the patient sits at an instrument called a slit-lamp microscope. A contact lens is temporarily placed on the eye to focus the laser light on the retina with pinpoint accuracy. With laser surgery for macular edema, tiny laser burns are applied near the macula to reduce fluid leakage. This treatment causes abnormal new vessels to shrink and often prevents them from growing in the future. It also decreases the chance that vitreous bleeding & is very useful for preventing severe vision loss. The primary goal of treatment is to prevent further loss of vision by reducing the swelling of the macula. The corrective eye surgery cost is also effective with Lasik eye treatment
Multiple laser treatments over time may be necessary. Laser surgery does not cure diabetic retinopathy and does not always prevent further loss of vision. It is uncommon for people who have blurred vision from macular edema to recover normal vision, although some may experience partial improvement.
Vitrectomy eye surgery (vitreous eye) is a surgical procedure performed in a hospital or ambulatory surgery center operating room. It is often shown on an outpatient basis or with a short hospital stay wherein either a local or general anesthetic may be used.
Removing the vitreous hemorrhage allows light rays to focus on the retina again. During vitrectomy surgery, an operating microscope and small surgical instruments are used to remove blood and scar tissue that accompany abnormal vessels in the eye.
Vitrectomy further prevents vitreous hemorrhage development by removing the abnormal vessels that caused the bleeding. Removal of the scar tissue helps the retina return to its normal position.
To help the retina heal, your ophthalmologist may place a gas or oil bubble in the vitreous space. You will have to keep your head in certain positions for the bubble to heal the retina. It is essential to follow your ophthalmologist's instructions for your eye to heal completely.
The medication injections may be used to help treat diabetic retinopathy. Anti-VEGF medication works by blocking a substance known as ‘Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor,’ or VEGF. This substance contributes to abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye which can affect your vision. An anti-VEGF drug can help reduce the growth of these abnormal blood vessels. Thus, in some cases, steroid medication or anti-VEGF medication may be given.
After your pupil is dilated and your eye is numbed with anesthesia, the medication is injected into the vitreous or jelly-like substance in the back chamber of the eye. The drug reduces the swelling, leakage, and growth of unwanted blood vessel in the retina and may improve the sight.
Medication treatments may be given once or as a series of injections at regular intervals depending on the severity, usually around every four to six weeks or as determined by your doctor.